Test Market Timing Models

This tool allows you to test different market timing and tactical asset allocation models based on moving averages, momentum, market valuation and target volatility. The supported models include:

You can find a summary of the selected tactical asset allocation model below, and a more detailed description in the FAQ section.

Shiller PE Ratio Market Valuation

Shiller PE Ratio (PE10) market valuation based timing model uses shifts the allocation between stocks and bonds as follows:
  • PE10 >= 22 - 40% stocks, 60% bonds
  • 14 <= PE10 < 22 - 60% stocks, 40% bonds
  • PE10 < 14 - 80% stocks, 20% bonds
The balanced 60% stock and 40% bond allocation is used as the benchmark portfolio.

Moving Averages - Single Asset

The moving average timing model is either invested in a a specific stock, ETF or mutual fund, or is alternatively in cash or other risk-free asset based on the moving average signal. The model is invested in the asset when the end-of-month adjusted close price is greater than the moving average and the model moves to cash when the end-of-month adjusted close price is less than the moving average. The model also supports using moving average cross-over as the signal.

Moving Averages - Portfolio Assets

The moving average model applies the moving average signal to each portfolio asset. The model is invested in a portfolio asset when the end-of-month adjusted close price is greater than the moving average and the allocation is moved to cash when the end-of-month adjusted close price is less than the moving average. The model also supports using moving average cross-over as the signal.

Momentum - Relative Strength

The relative strength momentum model invests in the best performing assets in the model based on each asset's past return. The momentum can be based on a single timing period, or multiple weighted timing periods. Additionally the model supports using moving averages as a risk control to decide whether investments should be moved to cash.

Momentum - Dual Momentum

The dual momentum model uses relative momentum to select the best performing model assets and incorporates absolute momentum as a filter to invest in cash if the excess return of the selected asset over cash is negative.

Adaptive Allocation

The adaptive asset allocation model combines relative strength momentum model with different asset weighting. The relative strength model uses an equal weight allocation for the model selected assets, whereas the adaptive asset allocation uses either risk parity allocation or minimum variance allocation for the model assets to minimize the expected volatility.

Target Volatility

The target volatility model adjusts the market exposure of the portfolio based on the realized historic volatility and the given volatility target. The cash allocation in the portfolio is increased or decreased as required to meet the targeted volatility level in order to improve the risk adjusted performance.
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Timing Periods
Length
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Time Period #1
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Time Period #2
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Time Period #3
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Time Period #4
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Time Period #5
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Volatility Period
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Asset 1
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Asset 2
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Asset 3
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Asset 4
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Asset 5
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Asset 6
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Asset 7
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Asset 8
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Asset 9
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Asset 10
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Total
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Market Timing Results (Jan 1997 - Dec 2016)

Market timing results from 1997 to 2016 are based on adaptive allocation model holding the top 2 best performing assets. The model uses a single performance window of 6 month(s). Volatility based risk adjustments are done based on daily volatility over the past 3 calendar months. Inverse volatility weights based on the volatility window are used to set approximated risk parity asset weights for each timing period. Timing model trades are executed using the end of month close price. The selected year range for the timing test was automatically adjusted based on the available data for Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX) (Jun 1996-Oct 2017).

Performance statistics for the timing portfolio and benchmark portfolios
PortfolioInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGRStdevBest YearWorst YearMax. DrawdownSharpe RatioSortino RatioUS Mkt Correlation
Save timing model »
Timing Portfolio$10,000$72,86810.44%10.41%31.12%-9.48%-15.74% 0.811.230.61
Equal Weight Portfolio$10,000$41,7107.40%11.71%27.83%-28.28%-44.92% 0.490.690.89
   
Notes on results:
  • Past performance is not a guarantee of future returns and data and other errors may exist. See Disclaimer and Terms of Use
  • An equal-weight allocation is used for the assets held by the momentum model
  • The equal-weight buy-and-hold benchmark portfolio assumes annual rebalancing
  • The results for the timing portfolio assume monthly rebalancing trades
  • The relative strength signal is based on total return including dividends
  • Additional trading costs and taxes for timing models are not reflected in the results
  • CAGR = Compound Annual Growth Rate
  • Stdev = Annualized standard deviation of monthly returns
  • Sharpe and Sortino ratios are calculated and annualized from monthly excess returns over risk free rate (1-month t-bills)
  • Stock market correlation is based on the correlation of monthly returns
  • Drawdowns are calculated based on monthly returns
  • Refer to the FAQ regarding the list of data sources and methodology for additional details
Annual returns for the timing portfolio and various benchmark portfolios
YearTiming ReturnEqual Weight Portfolio ReturnVanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)Timing BalanceEqual Weight Portfolio Balance
199717.41%14.61%30.99%-0.77%18.77%9.44%$11,741$11,461
1998-9.48%7.78%23.26%15.60%-16.32%8.58%$10,628$12,353
199922.84%12.23%23.81%29.92%-4.04%-0.76%$13,055$13,864
20005.87%2.89%-10.57%-15.61%26.35%11.39%$13,820$14,264
20019.87%-2.58%-10.97%-20.15%12.35%8.43%$15,185$13,896
20024.83%-6.01%-20.96%-15.08%3.75%8.26%$15,918$13,061
200331.12%27.83%31.35%40.34%35.65%3.97%$20,871$16,696
200415.95%17.09%12.51%20.84%30.76%4.24%$24,200$19,548
20050.35%8.96%5.98%15.57%11.89%2.40%$24,285$21,300
200628.14%20.37%15.51%26.64%35.07%4.27%$31,119$25,639
200710.32%2.87%5.49%15.52%-16.46%6.92%$34,332$26,374
2008-1.23%-28.28%-37.04%-44.10%-37.05%5.05%$33,910$18,915
200927.90%25.23%28.70%36.73%29.58%5.93%$43,370$23,688
20104.80%15.74%17.09%11.12%28.30%6.42%$45,452$27,415
20117.96%0.61%0.96%-14.56%8.47%7.56%$49,070$27,581
201211.46%13.99%16.25%18.14%17.53%4.05%$54,693$31,440
201320.36%12.11%33.35%15.04%2.31%-2.26%$65,831$35,247
201413.83%11.02%12.43%-4.24%30.13%5.76%$74,938$39,132
2015-8.20%-0.39%0.29%-4.37%2.22%0.30%$68,792$38,979
20165.93%7.01%12.53%4.65%8.34%2.50%$72,868$41,710
Monthly returns for the timing portfolio and various benchmark portfolios
YearMonthTiming ReturnEqual Weight Portfolio ReturnVanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)Timing BalanceEqual Weight Portfolio Balance
199712.44%0.87%5.46%-2.37%0.16%0.25%$10,244$10,087
19972-0.22%0.36%-0.11%1.82%-0.32%0.11%$10,222$10,124
19973-1.73%-1.33%-4.45%-0.10%0.38%-0.97%$10,045$9,989
199740.01%0.77%4.50%0.20%-3.10%1.49%$10,046$10,067
199754.49%4.40%7.10%6.54%2.95%0.87%$10,497$10,510
199764.85%4.03%4.37%5.40%5.13%1.16%$11,005$10,934
199774.10%3.84%7.77%1.59%2.85%2.80%$11,456$11,353
19978-6.53%-3.56%-3.72%-8.60%-0.75%-0.85%$10,708$10,949
199798.13%5.52%5.77%5.51%9.24%1.45%$11,579$11,553
199710-2.98%-3.48%-3.40%-9.10%-2.80%1.45%$11,234$11,151
1997112.24%1.19%3.33%-1.19%1.73%0.33%$11,486$11,284
1997122.22%1.57%1.70%0.92%2.48%1.04%$11,741$11,461
19981-0.71%0.88%0.44%3.04%-1.27%1.32%$11,658$11,562
19982-0.63%3.16%7.34%6.88%-1.65%-0.10%$11,585$11,927
199833.34%2.84%5.06%3.22%2.55%0.33%$11,971$12,266
199840.66%-0.23%1.10%0.53%-3.36%0.51%$12,050$12,238
19985-2.17%-1.09%-2.71%-1.51%-0.89%1.02%$11,788$12,105
199861.86%1.05%3.54%-0.27%-0.03%0.81%$12,007$12,232
19987-0.80%-1.82%-2.27%1.08%-6.90%0.23%$11,911$12,010
19988-14.76%-9.39%-15.65%-13.66%-9.21%1.90%$10,153$10,883
199891.45%2.96%6.68%-2.07%5.99%1.96%$10,300$11,205
1998100.38%4.04%7.51%10.77%-1.81%-0.55%$10,338$11,658
1998111.30%3.50%6.17%5.34%1.58%0.49%$10,473$12,066
1998121.47%2.38%6.45%3.26%-1.80%0.38%$10,628$12,353
199911.38%0.34%3.65%-0.63%-2.44%0.79%$10,775$12,395
19992-2.15%-2.32%-3.73%-2.16%-1.57%-1.77%$10,543$12,107
199934.52%2.27%3.93%4.97%-0.44%0.56%$11,019$12,381
199944.90%4.88%4.68%5.08%9.55%0.40%$11,559$12,986
19995-3.73%-1.48%-2.00%-5.00%2.09%-0.88%$11,128$12,794
199964.73%1.80%5.16%4.39%-1.87%-0.50%$11,654$13,024
199970.09%-1.09%-3.20%2.27%-2.91%-0.39%$11,664$12,882
19998-0.19%-0.42%-0.92%0.33%-1.00%-0.08%$11,642$12,829
19999-0.57%-1.12%-2.44%0.82%-4.12%1.26%$11,575$12,685
199910-0.04%2.15%6.29%3.74%-2.25%0.33%$11,571$12,959
1999113.82%1.68%3.42%4.08%-1.50%0.02%$12,013$13,177
1999128.67%5.21%7.59%9.37%3.07%-0.48%$13,055$13,864
20001-5.39%-2.49%-4.18%-6.22%0.61%-0.17%$12,351$13,518
200022.71%1.22%2.54%2.83%-1.51%1.18%$12,685$13,683
200034.46%3.50%5.69%3.48%3.50%1.40%$13,250$14,162
20004-5.32%-1.08%-5.21%-5.41%6.73%-0.49%$12,544$14,009
200050.05%-1.21%-3.41%-2.67%1.03%-0.16%$12,551$13,839
200062.91%3.27%4.42%4.27%2.49%2.15%$12,916$14,292
200073.43%1.13%-1.95%-4.46%8.77%0.88%$13,360$14,453
20008-0.16%1.09%7.28%1.00%-3.99%1.40%$13,338$14,610
20009-0.32%-1.24%-4.67%-5.00%2.93%0.76%$13,296$14,429
200010-0.69%-2.34%-2.04%-3.03%-4.63%0.57%$13,203$14,092
2000111.62%-2.39%-9.90%-4.44%1.74%1.58%$13,417$13,755
2000123.01%3.70%1.78%3.72%6.88%1.79%$13,820$14,264
200111.45%1.78%3.83%1.10%0.43%1.76%$14,020$14,518
200120.04%-4.49%-9.41%-7.61%-1.72%0.91%$14,026$13,866
200130.63%-3.00%-6.72%-7.15%0.81%0.54%$14,114$13,451
200140.57%4.19%8.16%7.89%2.28%-0.46%$14,194$14,015
200151.18%0.15%1.01%-3.52%2.15%0.73%$14,362$14,036
200162.36%0.42%-1.64%-3.84%5.92%0.52%$14,701$14,095
200170.72%-0.94%-1.71%-2.43%-2.10%2.23%$14,806$13,963
200182.06%-0.64%-6.00%-2.30%3.54%1.11%$15,111$13,873
20019-0.61%-5.16%-9.00%-10.73%-3.87%0.89%$15,018$13,157
2001100.67%0.70%2.52%2.97%-3.37%1.86%$15,118$13,250
2001110.23%3.61%7.63%3.56%5.76%-1.34%$15,153$13,728
2001120.21%1.22%1.78%1.35%2.47%-0.58%$15,185$13,896
200210.36%-1.36%-1.24%-4.63%-0.25%0.69%$15,239$13,707
200221.30%0.43%-2.05%0.90%1.98%0.85%$15,438$13,765
200231.48%3.68%4.38%5.71%6.24%-1.46%$15,667$14,272
20024-1.25%-0.53%-4.90%0.42%0.62%1.69%$15,471$14,197
200251.24%0.55%-1.22%1.16%1.30%0.80%$15,662$14,275
20026-0.61%-1.88%-7.06%-4.28%2.81%0.29%$15,567$14,007
20027-0.99%-5.52%-8.02%-9.80%-5.28%0.48%$15,413$13,234
200281.37%0.58%0.53%-0.12%0.16%1.66%$15,624$13,310
200290.56%-5.24%-10.07%-10.88%-3.53%1.53%$15,712$12,613
200210-1.44%1.20%7.65%5.70%-4.95%-0.61%$15,486$12,763
2002110.97%3.58%6.06%4.75%4.43%0.02%$15,636$13,221
2002121.80%-1.21%-5.57%-3.43%0.85%2.07%$15,918$13,061
20031-0.53%-2.24%-2.54%-3.76%-2.70%0.05%$15,834$12,769
200320.89%-0.23%-1.69%-2.42%1.74%1.38%$15,975$12,739
200330.42%0.29%1.09%-1.93%2.04%-0.13%$16,042$12,775
200341.99%5.59%8.21%9.70%4.05%0.87%$16,361$13,489
200355.74%4.91%6.11%6.15%5.52%1.82%$17,301$14,151
200360.38%1.57%1.43%2.66%2.25%-0.13%$17,367$14,373
200373.92%1.95%2.36%3.18%5.18%-3.34%$18,048$14,653
200381.45%1.56%2.39%2.51%0.65%0.61%$18,310$14,882
200390.91%1.91%-1.15%2.78%3.41%2.71%$18,476$15,166
2003103.95%3.43%6.12%6.49%1.63%-0.96%$19,206$15,687
2003113.30%2.11%1.38%2.13%4.31%0.27%$19,839$16,018
2003125.20%4.23%4.48%7.80%3.08%0.88%$20,871$16,696
200413.08%2.24%2.23%1.60%4.28%0.86%$21,514$17,070
200422.00%1.65%1.43%2.50%1.64%1.03%$21,945$17,352
200433.10%1.42%-1.07%0.45%5.43%0.80%$22,626$17,599
20044-9.54%-5.79%-2.11%-3.14%-14.56%-2.61%$20,468$16,581
200450.93%2.06%1.35%0.46%7.09%-0.43%$20,658$16,921
200462.22%1.97%2.09%2.40%2.79%0.56%$21,116$17,254
20047-1.75%-1.43%-3.80%-3.34%0.51%0.96%$20,747$17,007
200483.23%2.77%0.31%0.75%7.83%1.94%$21,417$17,479
200490.07%1.11%1.74%2.96%-0.23%0.16%$21,433$17,673
2004101.80%2.86%1.68%3.24%5.39%0.85%$21,818$18,178
2004116.05%3.85%4.68%7.23%4.15%-0.81%$23,139$18,878
2004124.59%3.55%3.63%4.44%4.83%0.92%$24,200$19,548
20051-4.30%-3.04%-2.68%-1.67%-8.46%0.65%$23,160$18,955
200524.02%2.22%2.07%4.68%2.85%-0.63%$24,092$19,375
20053-2.36%-1.70%-1.75%-2.93%-1.58%-0.49%$23,523$19,046
20054-2.19%0.62%-2.32%-2.07%5.81%1.35%$23,009$19,163
200551.41%2.02%3.77%0.08%3.24%1.05%$23,332$19,550
200561.42%1.91%0.81%1.30%4.96%0.55%$23,663$19,924
200570.80%3.47%4.11%3.68%6.97%-0.99%$23,851$20,614
20058-2.14%-0.22%-0.94%2.85%-3.74%1.36%$23,341$20,570
200590.75%1.28%0.86%4.73%0.57%-1.10%$23,517$20,833
200510-2.97%-2.13%-1.86%-3.37%-2.35%-0.81%$22,818$20,389
2005113.28%2.86%3.97%2.67%4.25%0.48%$23,567$20,973
2005123.05%1.56%0.14%5.14%-0.10%0.99%$24,285$21,300
200615.20%4.45%3.50%6.87%7.53%-0.11%$25,548$22,247
200620.55%0.38%0.00%-0.72%1.83%0.37%$25,690$22,331
200634.06%2.27%1.80%3.17%4.83%-1.00%$26,733$22,838
200640.83%0.56%1.11%5.12%-3.63%-0.21%$26,956$22,966
20065-3.77%-2.73%-3.23%-4.45%-2.80%-0.09%$25,940$22,340
200662.22%1.32%0.17%-0.38%5.29%0.10%$26,516$22,635
200672.42%1.51%-0.13%1.15%3.49%1.35%$27,158$22,977
200683.20%2.60%2.31%2.53%3.72%1.64%$28,027$23,573
200691.18%1.31%2.27%0.25%1.90%0.81%$28,359$23,883
2006105.08%3.72%3.53%4.00%6.11%0.72%$29,800$24,770
2006113.28%3.06%2.23%3.73%4.69%1.11%$30,776$25,527
2006121.12%0.44%1.13%3.09%-1.81%-0.48%$31,119$25,639
200713.68%2.82%1.88%0.96%8.52%-0.08%$32,265$26,362
20072-0.90%-0.66%-1.61%0.06%-2.41%1.50%$31,974$26,189
200730.49%0.35%1.11%2.80%-2.37%0.02%$32,131$26,282
200742.18%2.10%4.01%3.92%-0.04%0.51%$32,832$26,834
200753.42%1.51%3.69%3.09%-0.11%-0.78%$33,956$27,239
20076-0.66%-2.61%-1.67%0.61%-9.26%-0.39%$33,731$26,528
20077-2.30%-2.73%-3.41%-1.06%-7.77%0.84%$32,955$25,804
200780.41%1.91%1.45%-0.72%6.49%1.34%$33,090$26,297
200794.92%3.77%3.59%6.38%4.25%0.72%$34,718$27,287
2007103.75%2.60%1.85%5.90%1.22%0.93%$36,022$27,996
200711-4.52%-4.05%-4.49%-4.57%-9.32%1.91%$34,392$26,862
200712-0.17%-1.82%-0.60%-2.28%-5.11%0.22%$34,332$26,374
20081-0.11%-3.32%-6.08%-8.55%-0.34%1.69%$34,293$25,499
20082-0.28%-1.58%-3.07%0.33%-3.73%0.19%$34,197$25,096
200830.09%1.39%-0.58%-0.71%6.45%0.30%$34,227$25,446
200840.96%4.04%5.02%5.85%5.89%-0.30%$34,557$26,473
20085-0.63%0.70%2.09%1.51%0.14%-0.79%$34,338$26,657
20086-1.83%-7.03%-8.19%-8.99%-10.77%-0.01%$33,710$24,783
200870.50%-0.24%-0.77%-3.67%3.15%0.00%$33,878$24,723
200880.89%-0.01%1.58%-5.10%2.25%0.70%$34,179$24,722
20089-1.00%-5.39%-9.26%-13.09%-0.11%-1.10%$33,839$23,389
200810-5.22%-18.14%-17.63%-22.09%-31.23%-2.53%$32,074$19,146
2008112.47%-7.43%-7.90%-6.29%-23.39%3.64%$32,867$17,724
2008123.17%6.72%1.86%8.16%17.39%3.32%$33,910$18,915
20091-1.39%-9.58%-8.26%-11.96%-17.39%-0.70%$33,438$17,104
20092-1.42%-9.84%-10.45%-9.58%-20.76%-0.42%$32,964$15,421
200932.20%5.66%8.65%9.31%3.76%1.48%$33,688$16,293
200941.45%12.25%10.61%12.78%31.31%0.36%$34,175$18,289
200952.31%5.78%5.38%14.35%2.36%0.85%$34,966$19,346
20096-1.85%-0.87%0.34%-1.32%-3.25%0.54%$34,320$19,178
200978.86%7.41%7.82%9.96%10.64%1.43%$37,362$20,599
200983.57%5.29%3.63%3.50%13.99%1.01%$38,694$21,690
200995.68%4.38%4.23%5.15%6.69%1.19%$40,893$22,640
200910-2.95%-2.31%-2.57%-2.17%-4.64%0.41%$39,686$22,117
2009114.86%4.46%5.63%3.86%6.85%1.36%$41,617$23,104
2009124.21%2.53%2.86%1.53%7.03%-1.68%$43,370$23,688
20101-5.17%-3.08%-3.50%-5.07%-5.32%1.57%$41,129$22,958
201024.14%2.30%3.36%0.22%5.55%0.20%$42,831$23,486
201037.80%5.71%6.27%6.71%10.09%-0.08%$46,172$24,827
201044.19%2.25%2.17%-1.71%7.09%1.06%$48,109$25,386
20105-7.07%-5.81%-8.00%-10.78%-5.41%0.87%$44,707$23,912
20106-5.50%-2.69%-5.66%-1.17%-5.24%1.61%$42,248$23,269
201071.75%6.85%6.99%10.33%9.73%0.94%$42,985$24,864
201081.24%-1.85%-4.75%-3.22%-1.24%1.48%$43,519$24,404
201090.46%5.79%9.47%10.41%4.37%-0.01%$43,720$25,816
2010100.90%3.20%3.94%3.55%4.80%0.36%$44,116$26,641
201011-3.40%-1.65%0.58%-4.52%-2.04%-0.57%$42,616$26,203
2010126.65%4.63%6.81%8.34%4.63%-1.15%$45,452$27,415
201111.57%1.57%2.19%0.70%3.32%0.08%$46,165$27,846
201123.22%2.78%3.60%2.71%4.58%0.16%$47,652$28,620
201130.06%-0.37%0.45%-0.43%-1.44%-0.01%$47,680$28,516
201144.18%3.83%2.99%5.24%5.66%1.32%$49,675$29,607
20115-0.01%-0.35%-1.16%-2.87%1.36%1.30%$49,672$29,502
20116-2.49%-1.80%-1.79%-1.51%-3.35%-0.39%$48,434$28,972
20117-0.57%-0.16%-2.28%-1.53%1.55%1.58%$48,158$28,925
201180.27%-4.62%-5.99%-8.45%-5.53%1.46%$48,286$27,587
20119-0.51%-7.39%-7.75%-12.29%-10.98%0.89%$48,040$25,550
2011101.78%8.71%11.51%10.22%14.39%0.16%$48,894$27,774
201111-0.67%-1.78%-0.29%-2.88%-3.73%-0.30%$48,565$27,279
2011121.04%1.11%0.80%-2.64%4.61%1.08%$49,070$27,581
201211.49%4.93%5.08%7.27%6.49%0.87%$49,803$28,941
20122-0.17%2.08%4.26%5.14%-1.12%-0.05%$49,717$29,544
201234.00%1.71%3.07%-0.75%5.14%-0.58%$51,706$30,050
201240.90%0.37%-0.65%-1.78%2.88%1.14%$52,172$30,161
20125-5.48%-5.38%-6.24%-11.14%-4.60%0.95%$49,313$28,539
201264.70%3.91%3.91%6.03%5.64%0.04%$51,632$29,655
201271.45%1.21%1.03%0.44%1.93%1.39%$52,383$30,015
201281.21%1.25%2.48%2.72%-0.14%0.03%$53,018$30,390
201290.31%1.08%2.58%3.62%-1.83%0.11%$53,181$30,719
201210-0.09%-0.51%-1.76%0.56%-0.83%0.11%$53,131$30,563
2012110.31%0.60%0.74%1.82%-0.37%0.19%$53,295$30,745
2012122.62%2.26%1.19%4.17%3.69%-0.20%$54,693$31,440
201314.37%2.96%5.50%3.34%3.71%-0.71%$57,082$32,370
20132-0.07%0.46%1.28%-1.23%1.24%0.54%$57,044$32,519
201332.25%1.95%3.88%0.77%2.89%0.08%$58,328$33,152
201344.42%3.25%1.70%3.58%6.70%0.91%$60,909$34,230
20135-1.99%-2.09%2.32%-2.95%-5.96%-1.71%$59,700$33,514
20136-1.59%-2.14%-1.27%-3.75%-1.96%-1.65%$58,750$32,798
201373.52%2.85%5.49%4.56%0.83%0.20%$60,820$33,731
20138-4.37%-3.05%-2.82%-1.63%-6.86%-0.64%$58,161$32,704
201395.31%3.82%3.66%7.21%3.28%0.96%$61,250$33,952
2013103.87%3.29%4.22%3.41%4.46%0.78%$63,619$35,070
2013111.51%-0.49%2.88%0.12%-5.23%-0.35%$64,578$34,896
2013121.94%1.01%2.63%1.25%0.26%-0.65%$65,831$35,247
20141-4.00%-0.54%-3.11%-4.78%4.19%1.54%$63,200$35,058
201425.07%3.86%4.73%5.39%4.96%0.48%$66,404$36,413
201430.46%0.32%0.51%0.41%0.49%-0.15%$66,709$36,529
201441.77%1.42%0.06%1.31%3.37%0.77%$67,890$37,046
201452.27%1.88%2.17%1.88%2.35%1.05%$69,430$37,741
201461.81%1.38%2.54%1.74%1.14%0.11%$70,685$38,261
20147-0.91%-0.93%-1.98%-1.61%0.04%-0.26%$70,040$37,905
201481.88%2.35%4.18%1.05%2.93%1.13%$71,358$38,796
20149-3.98%-3.54%-2.14%-5.01%-5.96%-0.72%$68,516$37,422
2014106.02%3.51%2.74%-0.31%9.93%0.94%$72,638$38,736
2014112.19%1.27%2.41%-0.25%1.98%0.65%$74,233$39,227
2014120.95%-0.24%-0.01%-3.65%1.93%0.09%$74,938$39,132
201512.44%1.60%-2.77%0.13%6.72%2.31%$76,763$39,757
20152-1.64%1.53%5.76%5.52%-3.59%-1.08%$75,505$40,364
201530.28%-0.12%-1.04%-1.54%1.72%0.41%$75,719$40,314
20154-2.33%-0.21%0.42%5.08%-5.92%-0.36%$73,952$40,231
201550.30%-0.08%1.39%-0.94%-0.27%-0.45%$74,175$40,199
20156-2.17%-2.49%-1.71%-2.69%-4.60%-1.01%$72,568$39,199
201570.52%1.70%1.63%-0.80%5.60%0.76%$72,948$39,866
20158-6.58%-5.01%-6.03%-7.29%-6.25%-0.36%$68,150$37,870
201590.03%-0.79%-2.93%-3.90%3.02%0.76%$68,170$37,569
2015101.27%4.89%7.84%6.26%5.78%0.01%$69,036$39,405
201511-0.33%-0.42%0.54%-1.32%-0.64%-0.27%$68,811$39,241
201512-0.03%-0.67%-2.03%-2.07%1.79%-0.38%$68,792$38,979
201610.60%-3.30%-5.67%-5.59%-3.36%1.43%$69,203$37,693
201620.50%-0.50%-0.04%-2.27%-0.43%0.66%$69,551$37,506
201632.41%6.53%7.01%8.19%10.41%0.94%$71,227$39,956
20164-0.83%0.17%0.63%2.22%-2.41%0.38%$70,635$40,022
201650.41%0.79%1.79%-1.02%2.36%0.01%$70,925$40,338
201662.79%2.08%0.23%-0.94%6.88%1.94%$72,900$41,175
201671.34%3.29%3.95%4.41%4.18%0.64%$73,878$42,531
20168-1.73%-0.80%0.26%0.74%-3.68%-0.17%$72,596$42,192
20169-0.89%-0.13%0.15%1.37%-1.83%-0.09%$71,948$42,136
201610-1.99%-2.65%-2.21%-1.72%-5.72%-0.81%$70,517$41,018
2016111.34%-0.51%4.44%-2.15%-1.73%-2.64%$71,462$40,807
2016121.97%2.21%1.92%2.02%4.66%0.24%$72,868$41,710
Portfolio return and risk metrics
MetricTiming ModelEqual Weight Portfolio
(*) Beta and market correlation are calculated against the US stock market. Value-at-risk metrics are based on monthly returns.
Mean Return (monthly)0.88%0.65%
Mean Return (annualized)11.04%8.15%
Compound Return (monthly)0.83%0.60%
Compound Return (annualized)10.44%7.40%
Volatility (monthly)3.00%3.37%
Volatility (annualized)10.41%11.71%
Downside Deviation (monthly)1.90%2.32%
Max. Drawdown-15.74%-44.92%
Market Correlation0.610.89
Beta(*)0.400.66
Alpha (annualized)6.96%2.00%
R236.88%79.29%
Sharpe Ratio0.810.49
Sortino Ratio1.230.69
Treynor Ratio (%)20.898.66
Skewness-0.82-1.00
Excess Kurtosis3.284.36
Historical Value-at-Risk (95%)-4.52%-5.37%
Delta Normal Value-at-Risk (95%)-4.93%-5.67%
Conditional Value-at-Risk (95%)-6.76%-8.06%
Positive Periods163 out of 240 (67.92%)149 out of 240 (62.08%)
Gain/Loss Ratio1.041.02

Drawdowns for Historical Market Stress Periods

Drawdowns for Historical Market Stress Periods
Stress PeriodStartEndTiming PortfolioEqual Weight Portfolio
Asian CrisisJul 1997Jan 1998-6.53%-3.56%
Russian Crisis / LTCM DefaultJul 1998Oct 1998-15.45%-11.03%
Dotcom CrashMar 2000Oct 2002-5.32%-13.67%
Subprime CrisisNov 2007Mar 2009-10.96%-44.92%

Drawdowns for Timing Portfolio

Drawdowns for Timing Portfolio
RankDrawdown StartDrawdown EndDrawdown LengthRecovery ByRecovery TimeDrawdown
1May 1998Aug 19984 monthsDec 19991 year 8 months-15.74%
2May 2010Jun 20102 monthsApr 20111 year-12.18%
3Feb 2015Aug 20157 months-11.22%
4Nov 2007Oct 20081 yearJul 20091 year 9 months-10.96%
5Apr 2004Apr 20041 monthNov 20048 months-9.54%
6Aug 1997Aug 19971 monthSep 19972 months-6.53%
7Jan 2005Oct 200510 monthsDec 20051 year-5.71%
8May 2012May 20121 monthJul 20123 months-5.48%
9Jan 2000Jan 20001 monthMar 20003 months-5.39%
10Apr 2000Apr 20001 monthJul 20004 months-5.32%
11Jan 2010Jan 20101 monthMar 20103 months-5.17%
12May 2013Aug 20134 monthsSep 20135 months-4.51%
13Jan 2014Jan 20141 monthFeb 20142 months-4.00%
14Sep 2014Sep 20141 monthOct 20142 months-3.98%
15May 2006May 20061 monthJul 20063 months-3.77%
16May 2011Sep 20115 monthsJan 20129 months-3.29%
17Oct 1997Oct 19971 monthDec 19973 months-2.98%
18Oct 2009Oct 20091 monthNov 20092 months-2.95%
19Jun 2007Jul 20072 monthsSep 20074 months-2.95%
20Feb 1997Mar 19972 monthsMay 19974 months-1.95%
21Apr 2002Jul 20024 monthsSep 20026 months-1.62%
22Oct 2002Oct 20021 monthDec 20023 months-1.44%
23Jan 1998Feb 19982 monthsMar 19983 months-1.33%
24Aug 2000Oct 20003 monthsNov 20004 months-1.17%
25Jul 2014Jul 20141 monthAug 20142 months-0.91%
26Feb 2007Feb 20071 monthApr 20073 months-0.90%
27Sep 2001Sep 20011 monthOct 20012 months-0.61%
28Jan 2003Jan 20031 monthFeb 20032 months-0.53%
29Feb 2012Feb 20121 monthMar 20122 months-0.17%
30Oct 2012Oct 20121 monthNov 20122 months-0.09%
31Feb 2013Feb 20131 monthMar 20132 months-0.07%

Drawdowns for Equal Weight Portfolio

Drawdowns for Equal Weight Portfolio
RankDrawdown StartDrawdown EndDrawdown LengthRecovery ByRecovery TimeDrawdown
1Nov 2007Feb 20091 year 4 monthsFeb 20113 years 4 months-44.92%
2May 2011Sep 20115 monthsMar 201211 months-13.70%
3Sep 2000Sep 20022 years 1 monthJul 20032 years 11 months-13.67%
4Apr 1998Aug 19985 monthsDec 19989 months-11.28%
5Mar 2015Feb 20161 yearJun 20161 year 4 months-7.08%
6Apr 2004Apr 20041 monthSep 20046 months-5.79%
7May 2012May 20121 monthAug 20124 months-5.38%
8Jun 2007Jul 20072 monthsSep 20074 months-5.27%
9May 2013Aug 20134 monthsOct 20136 months-4.46%
10Aug 2016Nov 20164 months-4.05%
11Aug 1997Aug 19971 monthSep 19972 months-3.56%
12Sep 2014Sep 20141 monthNov 20143 months-3.54%
13Oct 1997Oct 19971 monthJan 19984 months-3.48%
14Jan 2005Jan 20051 monthMay 20055 months-3.04%
15May 2006May 20061 monthJul 20063 months-2.73%
16Jul 1999Sep 19993 monthsNov 19995 months-2.60%
17Jan 2000Jan 20001 monthMar 20003 months-2.49%
18Feb 1999Feb 19991 monthApr 19993 months-2.32%
19Apr 2000May 20002 monthsJun 20003 months-2.28%
20Oct 2005Oct 20051 monthNov 20052 months-2.13%
21May 1999May 19991 monthJun 19992 months-1.48%
22Mar 1997Mar 19971 monthMay 19973 months-1.33%
23Jul 2014Jul 20141 monthAug 20142 months-0.93%
24Feb 2007Feb 20071 monthApr 20073 months-0.66%
25Jan 2014Jan 20141 monthFeb 20142 months-0.54%
26Oct 2012Oct 20121 monthNov 20122 months-0.51%
27Nov 2013Nov 20131 monthDec 20132 months-0.49%
28Mar 2011Mar 20111 monthApr 20112 months-0.37%
29Dec 2014Dec 20141 monthJan 20152 months-0.24%
30Aug 2005Aug 20051 monthSep 20052 months-0.22%
Timing periods and related holdings for the timing portfolio
#StartEndMonthsAssetsAsset PerformanceTiming PortfolioEqual Weight Portfolio
1Jan 1997Jan 1997156.89% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
43.11% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 0.16%
VTSMX: 5.46%
2.44%0.87%
2Feb 1997Feb 1997153.78% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
46.22% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -0.32%
VTSMX: -0.11%
-0.22%0.36%
3Mar 1997Mar 1997156.34% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
43.66% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 0.38%
VTSMX: -4.45%
-1.73%-1.33%
4Apr 1997Apr 1997159.10% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
40.90% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -3.10%
VTSMX: 4.50%
0.01%0.77%
5May 1997May 1997163.01% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
36.99% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 2.95%
VTSMX: 7.10%
4.49%4.40%
6Jun 1997Jun 1997162.45% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
37.55% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 5.13%
VTSMX: 4.37%
4.85%4.03%
7Jul 1997Jul 1997159.42% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
40.58% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 1.59%
VTSMX: 7.77%
4.10%3.84%
8Aug 1997Aug 1997157.62% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
42.38% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -8.60%
VTSMX: -3.72%
-6.53%-3.56%
9Sep 1997Sep 1997168.12% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
31.88% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 9.24%
VTSMX: 5.77%
8.13%5.52%
10Oct 1997Oct 1997169.98% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
30.02% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -2.80%
VTSMX: -3.40%
-2.98%-3.48%
11Nov 1997Nov 1997167.86% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
32.14% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.73%
VTSMX: 3.33%
2.24%1.19%
12Dec 1997Dec 1997167.15% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
32.85% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 2.48%
VTSMX: 1.70%
2.22%1.57%
13Jan 1998Jan 1998167.26% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
32.74% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -1.27%
VTSMX: 0.44%
-0.71%0.88%
14Feb 1998Feb 1998165.63% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
34.37% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.10%
VGSIX: -1.65%
-0.63%3.16%
15Mar 1998Mar 1998168.60% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
31.40% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 2.55%
VTSMX: 5.06%
3.34%2.84%
16Apr 1998Apr 1998175.04% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
24.96% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.51%
VTSMX: 1.10%
0.66%-0.23%
17May 1998May 1998144.73% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
55.27% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -1.51%
VTSMX: -2.71%
-2.17%-1.09%
18Jun 1998Jun 1998144.17% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
55.83% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -0.27%
VTSMX: 3.54%
1.86%1.05%
19Jul 1998Jul 1998143.75% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
56.25% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 1.08%
VTSMX: -2.27%
-0.80%-1.82%
20Aug 1998Aug 1998144.91% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
55.09% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -13.66%
VTSMX: -15.65%
-14.76%-9.39%
21Sep 1998Sep 1998187.28% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
12.72% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VBMFX: 1.96%
VGTSX: -2.07%
1.45%2.96%
22Oct 1998Oct 1998188.48% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
11.52% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: -0.55%
VTSMX: 7.51%
0.38%4.04%
23Nov 1998Nov 1998185.60% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
14.40% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.49%
VTSMX: 6.17%
1.30%3.50%
24Dec 1998Dec 1998182.09% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
17.91% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.38%
VTSMX: 6.45%
1.47%2.38%
25Jan 1999Jan 1999179.29% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
20.71% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.79%
VTSMX: 3.65%
1.38%0.34%
26Feb 1999Feb 1999180.60% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
19.40% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: -1.77%
VTSMX: -3.73%
-2.15%-2.32%
27Mar 1999Mar 1999156.61% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
43.39% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 4.97%
VTSMX: 3.93%
4.52%2.27%
28Apr 1999Apr 1999154.72% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
45.28% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 5.08%
VTSMX: 4.68%
4.90%4.88%
29May 1999May 1999157.61% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
42.39% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -5.00%
VTSMX: -2.00%
-3.73%-1.48%
30Jun 1999Jun 1999156.39% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
43.61% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 4.39%
VTSMX: 5.16%
4.73%1.80%
31Jul 1999Jul 1999160.05% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
39.95% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 2.27%
VTSMX: -3.20%
0.09%-1.09%
32Aug 1999Aug 1999158.21% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
41.79% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 0.33%
VTSMX: -0.92%
-0.19%-0.42%
33Sep 1999Sep 1999157.31% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
42.69% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 0.82%
VTSMX: -2.44%
-0.57%-1.12%
34Oct 1999Oct 1999163.12% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
36.88% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -2.25%
VGTSX: 3.74%
-0.04%2.15%
35Nov 1999Nov 1999160.79% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
39.21% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 4.08%
VTSMX: 3.42%
3.82%1.68%
36Dec 1999Dec 1999160.79% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
39.21% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 9.37%
VTSMX: 7.59%
8.67%5.21%
37Jan 2000Jan 2000159.40% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
40.60% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -6.22%
VTSMX: -4.18%
-5.39%-2.49%
38Feb 2000Feb 2000155.90% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
44.10% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 2.83%
VTSMX: 2.54%
2.71%1.22%
39Mar 2000Mar 2000155.65% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
44.35% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 3.48%
VTSMX: 5.69%
4.46%3.50%
40Apr 2000Apr 2000158.52% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
41.48% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -5.41%
VTSMX: -5.21%
-5.32%-1.08%
41May 2000May 2000177.94% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
22.06% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.03%
VTSMX: -3.41%
0.05%-1.21%
42Jun 2000Jun 2000178.16% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
21.84% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 2.49%
VTSMX: 4.42%
2.91%3.27%
43Jul 2000Jul 2000167.64% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
32.36% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.88%
VGSIX: 8.77%
3.43%1.13%
44Aug 2000Aug 2000170.99% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
29.01% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.40%
VGSIX: -3.99%
-0.16%1.09%
45Sep 2000Sep 2000157.29% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
42.71% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 2.93%
VTSMX: -4.67%
-0.32%-1.24%
46Oct 2000Oct 2000175.74% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
24.26% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.57%
VGSIX: -4.63%
-0.69%-2.34%
47Nov 2000Nov 2000177.95% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
22.05% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.58%
VGSIX: 1.74%
1.62%-2.39%
48Dec 2000Dec 2000176.05% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
23.95% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.79%
VGSIX: 6.88%
3.01%3.70%
49Jan 2001Jan 2001176.32% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
23.68% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.76%
VGSIX: 0.43%
1.45%1.78%
50Feb 2001Feb 2001167.15% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
32.85% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.91%
VGSIX: -1.72%
0.04%-4.49%
51Mar 2001Mar 2001167.38% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
32.62% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.54%
VGSIX: 0.81%
0.63%-3.00%
52Apr 2001Apr 2001162.52% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
37.48% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.46%
VGSIX: 2.28%
0.57%4.19%
53May 2001May 2001168.34% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
31.66% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.73%
VGSIX: 2.15%
1.18%0.15%
54Jun 2001Jun 2001165.99% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
34.01% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.52%
VGSIX: 5.92%
2.36%0.42%
55Jul 2001Jul 2001165.03% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
34.97% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 2.23%
VGSIX: -2.10%
0.72%-0.94%
56Aug 2001Aug 2001160.96% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
39.04% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.11%
VGSIX: 3.54%
2.06%-0.64%
57Sep 2001Sep 2001168.42% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
31.58% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.89%
VGSIX: -3.87%
-0.61%-5.16%
58Oct 2001Oct 2001177.18% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
22.82% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.86%
VGSIX: -3.37%
0.67%0.70%
59Nov 2001Nov 2001177.94% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
22.06% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -1.34%
VGSIX: 5.76%
0.23%3.61%
60Dec 2001Dec 2001174.10% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
25.90% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.58%
VGSIX: 2.47%
0.21%1.22%
61Jan 2002Jan 2002164.82% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
35.18% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.69%
VGSIX: -0.25%
0.36%-1.36%
62Feb 2002Feb 2002160.00% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
40.00% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.85%
VGSIX: 1.98%
1.30%0.43%
63Mar 2002Mar 2002161.82% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
38.18% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -1.46%
VGSIX: 6.24%
1.48%3.68%
64Apr 2002Apr 2002166.12% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
33.88% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 0.62%
VTSMX: -4.90%
-1.25%-0.53%
65May 2002May 2002156.26% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
43.74% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 1.30%
VGTSX: 1.16%
1.24%0.55%
66Jun 2002Jun 2002151.73% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
48.27% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 2.81%
VGTSX: -4.28%
-0.61%-1.88%
67Jul 2002Jul 2002174.48% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
25.52% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.48%
VGSIX: -5.28%
-0.99%-5.52%
68Aug 2002Aug 2002180.79% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
19.21% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.66%
VGSIX: 0.16%
1.37%0.58%
69Sep 2002Sep 2002180.84% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
19.16% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.53%
VGSIX: -3.53%
0.56%-5.24%
70Oct 2002Oct 2002180.97% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
19.03% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.61%
VGSIX: -4.95%
-1.44%1.20%
71Nov 2002Nov 2002178.60% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
21.40% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.02%
VGSIX: 4.43%
0.97%3.58%
72Dec 2002Dec 2002178.16% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
21.84% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 2.07%
VGSIX: 0.85%
1.80%-1.21%
73Jan 2003Jan 2003179.04% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
20.96% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.05%
VGSIX: -2.70%
-0.53%-2.24%
74Feb 2003Feb 2003184.17% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
15.83% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 1.38%
VTSMX: -1.69%
0.89%-0.23%
75Mar 2003Mar 2003174.89% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
25.11% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.13%
VGSIX: 2.04%
0.42%0.29%
76Apr 2003Apr 2003184.68% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
15.32% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.87%
VTSMX: 8.21%
1.99%5.59%
77May 2003May 2003161.82% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
38.18% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 5.52%
VTSMX: 6.11%
5.74%4.91%
78Jun 2003Jun 2003178.46% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
21.54% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.13%
VGSIX: 2.25%
0.38%1.57%
79Jul 2003Jul 2003155.47% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
44.53% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 5.18%
VTSMX: 2.36%
3.92%1.95%
80Aug 2003Aug 2003154.09% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
45.91% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 0.65%
VTSMX: 2.39%
1.45%1.56%
81Sep 2003Sep 2003152.27% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
47.73% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 2.78%
VTSMX: -1.15%
0.91%1.91%
82Oct 2003Oct 2003152.27% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
47.73% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 1.63%
VGTSX: 6.49%
3.95%3.43%
83Nov 2003Nov 2003153.38% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
46.62% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 4.31%
VGTSX: 2.13%
3.30%2.11%
84Dec 2003Dec 2003155.05% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
44.95% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 3.08%
VGTSX: 7.80%
5.20%4.23%
85Jan 2004Jan 2004155.32% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
44.68% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 4.28%
VGTSX: 1.60%
3.08%2.24%
86Feb 2004Feb 2004157.94% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
42.06% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 1.64%
VGTSX: 2.50%
2.00%1.65%
87Mar 2004Mar 2004153.31% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
46.69% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 5.43%
VGTSX: 0.45%
3.10%1.42%
88Apr 2004Apr 2004156.03% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
43.97% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -14.56%
VGTSX: -3.14%
-9.54%-5.79%
89May 2004May 2004147.41% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
52.59% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 0.46%
VTSMX: 1.35%
0.93%2.06%
90Jun 2004Jun 2004142.26% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
57.74% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 2.40%
VTSMX: 2.09%
2.22%1.97%
91Jul 2004Jul 2004141.19% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
58.81% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 0.51%
VGTSX: -3.34%
-1.75%-1.43%
92Aug 2004Aug 2004178.08% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
21.92% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.94%
VGSIX: 7.83%
3.23%2.77%
93Sep 2004Sep 2004177.62% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
22.38% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.16%
VGSIX: -0.23%
0.07%1.11%
94Oct 2004Oct 2004179.10% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
20.90% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.85%
VGSIX: 5.39%
1.80%2.86%
95Nov 2004Nov 2004138.19% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
61.81% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 4.15%
VGTSX: 7.23%
6.05%3.85%
96Dec 2004Dec 2004137.59% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
62.41% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 4.83%
VGTSX: 4.44%
4.59%3.55%
97Jan 2005Jan 2005138.76% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
61.24% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -8.46%
VGTSX: -1.67%
-4.30%-3.04%
98Feb 2005Feb 2005135.84% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
64.16% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 2.85%
VGTSX: 4.68%
4.02%2.22%
99Mar 2005Mar 2005151.80% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
48.20% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -2.93%
VTSMX: -1.75%
-2.36%-1.70%
100Apr 2005Apr 2005153.28% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
46.72% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -2.07%
VTSMX: -2.32%
-2.19%0.62%
101May 2005May 2005141.93% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
58.07% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 3.24%
VGTSX: 0.08%
1.41%2.02%
102Jun 2005Jun 2005180.40% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
19.60% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.55%
VGSIX: 4.96%
1.42%1.91%
103Jul 2005Jul 2005177.51% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
22.49% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.99%
VGSIX: 6.97%
0.80%3.47%
104Aug 2005Aug 2005142.81% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
57.19% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -3.74%
VTSMX: -0.94%
-2.14%-0.22%
105Sep 2005Sep 2005135.98% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
64.02% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 0.57%
VTSMX: 0.86%
0.75%1.28%
106Oct 2005Oct 2005138.68% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
61.32% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -2.35%
VGTSX: -3.37%
-2.97%-2.13%
107Nov 2005Nov 2005138.64% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
61.36% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 4.25%
VGTSX: 2.67%
3.28%2.86%
108Dec 2005Dec 2005139.92% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
60.08% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -0.10%
VGTSX: 5.14%
3.05%1.56%
109Jan 2006Jan 2006150.56% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
49.44% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 6.87%
VTSMX: 3.50%
5.20%4.45%
110Feb 2006Feb 2006149.96% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
50.04% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 1.83%
VGTSX: -0.72%
0.55%0.38%
111Mar 2006Mar 2006153.59% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
46.41% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 4.83%
VGTSX: 3.17%
4.06%2.27%
112Apr 2006Apr 2006149.01% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
50.99% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -3.63%
VGTSX: 5.12%
0.83%0.56%
113May 2006May 2006141.29% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
58.71% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -2.80%
VGTSX: -4.45%
-3.77%-2.73%
114Jun 2006Jun 2006145.86% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
54.14% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 5.29%
VGTSX: -0.38%
2.22%1.32%
115Jul 2006Jul 2006154.31% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
45.69% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 3.49%
VGTSX: 1.15%
2.42%1.51%
116Aug 2006Aug 2006156.20% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
43.80% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 3.72%
VGTSX: 2.53%
3.20%2.60%
117Sep 2006Sep 2006156.63% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
43.37% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 1.90%
VGTSX: 0.25%
1.18%1.31%
118Oct 2006Oct 2006151.22% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
48.78% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 6.11%
VGTSX: 4.00%
5.08%3.72%
119Nov 2006Nov 2006142.40% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
57.60% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 4.69%
VTSMX: 2.23%
3.28%3.06%
120Dec 2006Dec 2006140.22% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
59.78% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -1.81%
VGTSX: 3.09%
1.12%0.44%
121Jan 2007Jan 2007135.96% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
64.04% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 8.52%
VGTSX: 0.96%
3.68%2.82%
122Feb 2007Feb 2007138.69% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
61.31% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -2.41%
VGTSX: 0.06%
-0.90%-0.66%
123Mar 2007Mar 2007144.65% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
55.35% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -2.37%
VGTSX: 2.80%
0.49%0.35%
124Apr 2007Apr 2007144.02% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
55.98% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -0.04%
VGTSX: 3.92%
2.18%2.10%
125May 2007May 2007144.29% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
55.71% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 3.09%
VTSMX: 3.69%
3.42%1.51%
126Jun 2007Jun 2007144.10% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
55.90% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 0.61%
VTSMX: -1.67%
-0.66%-2.61%
127Jul 2007Jul 2007147.34% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
52.66% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -1.06%
VTSMX: -3.41%
-2.30%-2.73%
128Aug 2007Aug 2007148.09% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
51.91% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -0.72%
VTSMX: 1.45%
0.41%1.91%
129Sep 2007Sep 2007147.58% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
52.42% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 6.38%
VTSMX: 3.59%
4.92%3.77%
130Oct 2007Oct 2007147.00% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
53.00% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 5.90%
VTSMX: 1.85%
3.75%2.60%
131Nov 2007Nov 2007146.42% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
53.58% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -4.57%
VTSMX: -4.49%
-4.52%-4.05%
132Dec 2007Dec 2007184.40% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
15.60% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VBMFX: 0.22%
VGTSX: -2.28%
-0.17%-1.82%
133Jan 2008Jan 2008182.38% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
17.62% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VBMFX: 1.69%
VGTSX: -8.55%
-0.11%-3.32%
134Feb 2008Feb 2008188.05% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
11.95% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.19%
VGSIX: -3.73%
-0.28%-1.58%
135Mar 2008Mar 2008179.09% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
20.91% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VBMFX: 0.30%
VGTSX: -0.71%
0.09%1.39%
136Apr 2008Apr 2008179.43% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
20.57% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VBMFX: -0.30%
VGTSX: 5.85%
0.96%4.04%
137May 2008May 2008183.42% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
16.58% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.79%
VGSIX: 0.14%
-0.63%0.70%
138Jun 2008Jun 2008183.07% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
16.93% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.01%
VGSIX: -10.77%
-1.83%-7.03%
139Jul 2008Jul 2008184.24% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
15.76% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.00%
VGSIX: 3.15%
0.50%-0.24%
140Aug 2008Aug 2008187.80% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
12.20% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.70%
VGSIX: 2.25%
0.89%-0.01%
141Sep 2008Sep 2008189.12% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
10.88% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -1.10%
VGSIX: -0.11%
-1.00%-5.39%
142Oct 2008Oct 2008190.66% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
9.34% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -2.53%
VGSIX: -31.23%
-5.22%-18.14%
143Nov 2008Nov 2008189.88% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
10.12% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 3.64%
VTSMX: -7.90%
2.47%-7.43%
144Dec 2008Dec 2008189.83% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
10.17% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 3.32%
VTSMX: 1.86%
3.17%6.72%
145Jan 2009Jan 2009190.82% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
9.18% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: -0.70%
VTSMX: -8.26%
-1.39%-9.58%
146Feb 2009Feb 2009190.09% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
9.91% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: -0.42%
VTSMX: -10.45%
-1.42%-9.84%
147Mar 2009Mar 2009190.04% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
9.96% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 1.48%
VTSMX: 8.65%
2.20%5.66%
148Apr 2009Apr 2009189.37% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
10.63% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.36%
VTSMX: 10.61%
1.45%12.25%
149May 2009May 2009189.15% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
10.85% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VBMFX: 0.85%
VGTSX: 14.35%
2.31%5.78%
150Jun 2009Jun 2009127.30% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
72.70% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -3.25%
VGTSX: -1.32%
-1.85%-0.87%
151Jul 2009Jul 2009148.78% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
51.22% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 9.96%
VTSMX: 7.82%
8.86%7.41%
152Aug 2009Aug 2009148.31% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
51.69% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 3.50%
VTSMX: 3.63%
3.57%5.29%
153Sep 2009Sep 2009134.73% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
65.27% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 6.69%
VGTSX: 5.15%
5.68%4.38%
154Oct 2009Oct 2009131.61% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
68.39% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -4.64%
VGTSX: -2.17%
-2.95%-2.31%
155Nov 2009Nov 2009133.61% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
66.39% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 6.85%
VGTSX: 3.86%
4.86%4.46%
156Dec 2009Dec 2009132.43% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
67.57% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 7.03%
VTSMX: 2.86%
4.21%2.53%
157Jan 2010Jan 2010139.31% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
60.69% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -5.32%
VGTSX: -5.07%
-5.17%-3.08%
158Feb 2010Feb 2010135.49% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
64.51% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 5.55%
VTSMX: 3.36%
4.14%2.30%
159Mar 2010Mar 2010140.04% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
59.96% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 10.09%
VTSMX: 6.27%
7.80%5.71%
160Apr 2010Apr 2010141.08% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
58.92% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 7.09%
VTSMX: 2.17%
4.19%2.25%
161May 2010May 2010135.95% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
64.05% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -5.41%
VTSMX: -8.00%
-7.07%-5.81%
162Jun 2010Jun 2010138.04% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
61.96% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -5.24%
VTSMX: -5.66%
-5.50%-2.69%
163Jul 2010Jul 2010190.79% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
9.21% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.94%
VGSIX: 9.73%
1.75%6.85%
164Aug 2010Aug 2010191.24% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
8.76% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.48%
VGSIX: -1.24%
1.24%-1.85%
165Sep 2010Sep 2010189.21% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
10.79% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.01%
VGSIX: 4.37%
0.46%5.79%
166Oct 2010Oct 2010187.76% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
12.24% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.36%
VGSIX: 4.80%
0.90%3.20%
167Nov 2010Nov 2010145.30% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
54.70% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: -2.04%
VGTSX: -4.52%
-3.40%-1.65%
168Dec 2010Dec 2010145.49% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
54.51% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 4.63%
VGTSX: 8.34%
6.65%4.63%
169Jan 2011Jan 2011141.47% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
58.53% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 0.70%
VTSMX: 2.19%
1.57%1.57%
170Feb 2011Feb 2011142.41% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
57.59% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 2.71%
VTSMX: 3.60%
3.22%2.78%
171Mar 2011Mar 2011144.27% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
55.73% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -0.43%
VTSMX: 0.45%
0.06%-0.37%
172Apr 2011Apr 2011144.71% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
55.29% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 5.66%
VTSMX: 2.99%
4.18%3.83%
173May 2011May 2011145.78% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
54.22% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.36%
VTSMX: -1.16%
-0.01%-0.35%
174Jun 2011Jun 2011145.23% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
54.77% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -3.35%
VTSMX: -1.79%
-2.49%-1.80%
175Jul 2011Jul 2011144.66% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
55.34% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.55%
VTSMX: -2.28%
-0.57%-0.16%
176Aug 2011Aug 2011182.86% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
17.14% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.46%
VGSIX: -5.53%
0.27%-4.62%
177Sep 2011Sep 2011188.18% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
11.82% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.89%
VGSIX: -10.98%
-0.51%-7.39%
178Oct 2011Oct 2011188.63% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
11.37% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.16%
VGSIX: 14.39%
1.78%8.71%
179Nov 2011Nov 2011189.24% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
10.76% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.30%
VGSIX: -3.73%
-0.67%-1.78%
180Dec 2011Dec 2011186.80% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
13.20% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 1.08%
VTSMX: 0.80%
1.04%1.11%
181Jan 2012Jan 2012188.94% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
11.06% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.87%
VGSIX: 6.49%
1.49%4.93%
182Feb 2012Feb 2012188.07% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
11.93% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.05%
VGSIX: -1.12%
-0.17%2.08%
183Mar 2012Mar 2012145.11% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
54.89% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 5.14%
VTSMX: 3.07%
4.00%1.71%
184Apr 2012Apr 2012143.91% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
56.09% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 2.88%
VTSMX: -0.65%
0.90%0.37%
185May 2012May 2012146.13% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
53.87% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -4.60%
VTSMX: -6.24%
-5.48%-5.38%
186Jun 2012Jun 2012145.72% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
54.28% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 5.64%
VTSMX: 3.91%
4.70%3.91%
187Jul 2012Jul 2012146.97% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
53.03% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.93%
VTSMX: 1.03%
1.45%1.21%
188Aug 2012Aug 2012148.47% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
51.53% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -0.14%
VTSMX: 2.48%
1.21%1.25%
189Sep 2012Sep 2012151.51% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
48.49% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -1.83%
VTSMX: 2.58%
0.31%1.08%
190Oct 2012Oct 2012178.20% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
21.80% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.11%
VGSIX: -0.83%
-0.09%-0.51%
191Nov 2012Nov 2012178.51% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
21.49% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.19%
VTSMX: 0.74%
0.31%0.60%
192Dec 2012Dec 2012147.96% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
52.04% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 4.17%
VTSMX: 1.19%
2.62%2.26%
193Jan 2013Jan 2013152.35% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
47.65% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 3.34%
VTSMX: 5.50%
4.37%2.96%
194Feb 2013Feb 2013153.67% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
46.33% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -1.23%
VTSMX: 1.28%
-0.07%0.46%
195Mar 2013Mar 2013152.34% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
47.66% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 0.77%
VTSMX: 3.88%
2.25%1.95%
196Apr 2013Apr 2013154.48% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
45.52% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 6.70%
VTSMX: 1.70%
4.42%3.25%
197May 2013May 2013152.01% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
47.99% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -5.96%
VTSMX: 2.32%
-1.99%-2.09%
198Jun 2013Jun 2013146.26% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
53.74% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -1.96%
VTSMX: -1.27%
-1.59%-2.14%
199Jul 2013Jul 2013142.18% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
57.82% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 0.83%
VTSMX: 5.49%
3.52%2.85%
200Aug 2013Aug 2013138.34% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
61.66% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -6.86%
VTSMX: -2.82%
-4.37%-3.05%
201Sep 2013Sep 2013146.39% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
53.61% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 7.21%
VTSMX: 3.66%
5.31%3.82%
202Oct 2013Oct 2013143.95% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
56.05% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 3.41%
VTSMX: 4.22%
3.87%3.29%
203Nov 2013Nov 2013149.77% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
50.23% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 0.12%
VTSMX: 2.88%
1.51%-0.49%
204Dec 2013Dec 2013149.89% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
50.11% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 1.25%
VTSMX: 2.63%
1.94%1.01%
205Jan 2014Jan 2014153.33% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
46.67% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -4.78%
VTSMX: -3.11%
-4.00%-0.54%
206Feb 2014Feb 2014151.16% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
48.84% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 5.39%
VTSMX: 4.73%
5.07%3.86%
207Mar 2014Mar 2014151.40% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
48.60% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 0.41%
VTSMX: 0.51%
0.46%0.32%
208Apr 2014Apr 2014151.63% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
48.37% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 3.37%
VTSMX: 0.06%
1.77%1.42%
209May 2014May 2014154.04% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
45.96% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 2.35%
VTSMX: 2.17%
2.27%1.88%
210Jun 2014Jun 2014152.34% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
47.66% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.14%
VTSMX: 2.54%
1.81%1.38%
211Jul 2014Jul 2014152.82% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
47.18% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 0.04%
VTSMX: -1.98%
-0.91%-0.93%
212Aug 2014Aug 2014144.11% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
55.89% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
VGSIX: 2.93%
VGTSX: 1.05%
1.88%2.35%
213Sep 2014Sep 2014148.23% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
51.77% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -5.96%
VTSMX: -2.14%
-3.98%-3.54%
214Oct 2014Oct 2014145.57% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
54.43% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 9.93%
VTSMX: 2.74%
6.02%3.51%
215Nov 2014Nov 2014150.30% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
49.70% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.98%
VTSMX: 2.41%
2.19%1.27%
216Dec 2014Dec 2014149.31% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
50.69% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.93%
VTSMX: -0.01%
0.95%-0.24%
217Jan 2015Jan 2015154.84% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
45.16% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 6.72%
VTSMX: -2.77%
2.44%1.60%
218Feb 2015Feb 2015177.74% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
22.26% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -1.08%
VGSIX: -3.59%
-1.64%1.53%
219Mar 2015Mar 2015147.82% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
52.18% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: 1.72%
VTSMX: -1.04%
0.28%-0.12%
220Apr 2015Apr 2015143.41% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
56.59% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -5.92%
VTSMX: 0.42%
-2.33%-0.21%
221May 2015May 2015146.63% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
53.37% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -0.94%
VTSMX: 1.39%
0.30%-0.08%
222Jun 2015Jun 2015146.61% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
53.39% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -2.69%
VTSMX: -1.71%
-2.17%-2.49%
223Jul 2015Jul 2015145.46% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
54.54% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -0.80%
VTSMX: 1.63%
0.52%1.70%
224Aug 2015Aug 2015143.56% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
56.44% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -7.29%
VTSMX: -6.03%
-6.58%-5.01%
225Sep 2015Sep 2015180.31% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
19.69% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.76%
VTSMX: -2.93%
0.03%-0.79%
226Oct 2015Oct 2015183.95% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
16.05% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VBMFX: 0.01%
VTSMX: 7.84%
1.27%4.89%
227Nov 2015Nov 2015184.34% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
15.66% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.27%
VGSIX: -0.64%
-0.33%-0.42%
228Dec 2015Dec 2015183.77% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
16.23% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: -0.38%
VGSIX: 1.79%
-0.03%-0.67%
229Jan 2016Jan 2016182.65% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
17.35% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.43%
VGSIX: -3.36%
0.60%-3.30%
230Feb 2016Feb 2016185.49% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
14.51% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.66%
VGSIX: -0.43%
0.50%-0.50%
231Mar 2016Mar 2016184.52% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
15.48% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.94%
VGSIX: 10.41%
2.41%6.53%
232Apr 2016Apr 2016148.01% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
51.99% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -2.41%
VTSMX: 0.63%
-0.83%0.17%
233May 2016May 2016183.13% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
16.87% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.01%
VGSIX: 2.36%
0.41%0.79%
234Jun 2016Jun 2016182.86% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
17.14% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 1.94%
VGSIX: 6.88%
2.79%2.08%
235Jul 2016Jul 2016180.19% Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Inv (VBMFX)
19.81% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
VBMFX: 0.64%
VGSIX: 4.18%
1.34%3.29%
236Aug 2016Aug 2016150.59% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
49.41% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -3.68%
VTSMX: 0.26%
-1.73%-0.80%
237Sep 2016Sep 2016152.76% Vanguard REIT Index Investor (VGSIX)
47.24% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGSIX: -1.83%
VTSMX: 0.15%
-0.89%-0.13%
238Oct 2016Oct 2016145.53% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
54.47% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -1.72%
VTSMX: -2.21%
-1.99%-2.65%
239Nov 2016Nov 2016147.00% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
53.00% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: -2.15%
VTSMX: 4.44%
1.34%-0.51%
240Dec 2016Dec 2016148.68% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
51.32% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
VGTSX: 2.02%
VTSMX: 1.92%
1.97%2.21%
241Jan 2017Jan 2017149.23% Vanguard Total Intl Stock Index Inv (VGTSX)
50.77% Vanguard Total Stock Mkt Idx Inv (VTSMX)
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